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Reporting Systems for Disease Surveillance in Kenya

Reporting Systems for Disease Surveillance in Kenya

A study on IDSR reporting showed that for districts that had achieved >80% reporting rate (RR), about 62% of the health facilities (HFs) used SMS based reporting while 31% had used hand delivery method. For districts that achieved <80% RR, about 63% of HFs used hand delivery method whole 28% used SMS based reporting. The study concluded the use of SMS based reporting had a positive association with surveillance RR. Justification to embrace an innovative mobile phone-based reporting platform was strongly building up.

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The IDSR Disease Surveillance System in Kenya

The IDSR Disease Surveillance System in Kenya

After adoption of the IDSR strategy by the Ministry of Health (MOH) in 2006, Kenya now has a total of 36 reportable priority diseases categorized as epidemic prone diseases, diseases targeted for eradication/elimination, disease of public health importance and public health events for internal concern (IHR 2005). These priority diseases have different reporting requirements and timelines and thresholds are stipulated in the IDSR technical guidelines. IDSR promotes the rational use of resources for collection, analysis and interpretation of health data and dissemination of the resulting information to those who need them for public health action.

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The role of wildlife in transboundary animal diseases in Kenya

The role of wildlife in transboundary animal diseases in Kenya

Records at the Kenya national Foot-and-Mouth Disease Laboratory show that previous studies on FMD in Kenya have mainly focused on cattle and rarely on other susceptible domestic species (Wekesa et al., 2014) and only to a minor extent on wildlife. However, in 1979, a field survey isolated SAT1 and SAT2 FMDVs from buffalo populations in the southern part of Kenya (Anderson et al., 1979).

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Is there rationale for WHO shifting investment from infectious to NCDs?

Is there rationale for WHO shifting investment from infectious to NCDs?

This blog entry will try and elucidate the shift in investment from infectious to non-communicable diseases by the World Health Organisation (WHO) drawing successes from the Millennium Development Goals 6: “To combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases”. Initially this blog entry will provide an overview of the management strategies and progress that has been made in addressing infectious diseases (using the “big three diseases” of the MDG 6 as examples). It will then highlight the financial investment from the different Global Health Actors towards these ‘big 3 diseases’ as compared to the other diseases and in conclusion determine if the WHO shift in investment is justifiable or not.

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MRSA in humans and animals in Kenya (an overview)

MRSA in humans and animals in Kenya (an overview)

There is evidence that MRSA infection increases the risk of mortality, morbidity, medical care costs and loss of productivity. The increased medical care costs accrued directly as expenses caused by extension of hospital stay, additional diagnostic or therapeutic procedures, and additional antibiotic use while loss of productivity is due to absence from work during hospitalization. At the same time, published data concerning the antibiotic susceptibility patterns of MRSA in sub-Saharan Africa are extremely limited, and few studies on it have been conducted in Kenya [2] [3]. Many studies on MRSA in Kenya are mainly cross-sectional with a focus to determine the prevalence, identifying the antibiotic resistance but they have not focused on the zoonotic significance of MRSA. There is need to understand on how the resistance to MRSA is changing over time so as to be able to clearly visualize the mechanism and transfer of resistance genes in the population [3].

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Dr. Kelvin Momanyi

Dr. Kelvin Momanyi

I am a Veterinarian & a part time web designer. My current research is focused on the evidence-based added value & evaluation of One Health.

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