Welcome to the

“Knowledge that you deserve website”

Interdisciplinary issues 

The role of wildlife in transboundary animal diseases in Kenya

The role of wildlife in transboundary animal diseases in Kenya

Records at the Kenya national Foot-and-Mouth Disease Laboratory show that previous studies on FMD in Kenya have mainly focused on cattle and rarely on other susceptible domestic species (Wekesa et al., 2014) and only to a minor extent on wildlife. However, in 1979, a field survey isolated SAT1 and SAT2 FMDVs from buffalo populations in the southern part of Kenya (Anderson et al., 1979).

read more
Is there rationale for WHO shifting investment from infectious to NCDs?

Is there rationale for WHO shifting investment from infectious to NCDs?

This blog entry will try and elucidate the shift in investment from infectious to non-communicable diseases by the World Health Organisation (WHO) drawing successes from the Millennium Development Goals 6: “To combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases”. Initially this blog entry will provide an overview of the management strategies and progress that has been made in addressing infectious diseases (using the “big three diseases” of the MDG 6 as examples). It will then highlight the financial investment from the different Global Health Actors towards these ‘big 3 diseases’ as compared to the other diseases and in conclusion determine if the WHO shift in investment is justifiable or not.

read more
MRSA in humans and animals in Kenya (an overview)

MRSA in humans and animals in Kenya (an overview)

There is evidence that MRSA infection increases the risk of mortality, morbidity, medical care costs and loss of productivity. The increased medical care costs accrued directly as expenses caused by extension of hospital stay, additional diagnostic or therapeutic procedures, and additional antibiotic use while loss of productivity is due to absence from work during hospitalization. At the same time, published data concerning the antibiotic susceptibility patterns of MRSA in sub-Saharan Africa are extremely limited, and few studies on it have been conducted in Kenya [2] [3]. Many studies on MRSA in Kenya are mainly cross-sectional with a focus to determine the prevalence, identifying the antibiotic resistance but they have not focused on the zoonotic significance of MRSA. There is need to understand on how the resistance to MRSA is changing over time so as to be able to clearly visualize the mechanism and transfer of resistance genes in the population [3].

read more
Oral cysticercosis: A contribution of dentists & clinicians to One Health?

Oral cysticercosis: A contribution of dentists & clinicians to One Health?

Cysticercosis is prevalent in several parts of the world. It is endemic and one of the leading causes of acquired epilepsy[10] in developing countries, mainly in parts of Asia, Africa, Latin America and Eastern Europe. This is especially in those areas with uncontrolled free range pig production, poor sanitation and where humans and animals live in close contact[1]. Its incidence is also increasing in developed countries as a result of migration of infected persons and frequent travel to and from endemic areas[27].

In man, cysticercosis frequently involves many parts of the body including the brain (causing fatal neurocysticercosis), subcutaneous tissues, heart, liver, lungs, peritoneum, skeletal muscles and the eye. Although oral involvement by cysticercosis is common in swine, this location is a very rare occurrence in humans[17, 27, 1] where it presents as a component of disseminated cysticercosis and often a diagnostic challenge to clinicians [14].

read more
Brief overview of bovine brucellosis: The Kenyan perspective

Brief overview of bovine brucellosis: The Kenyan perspective

Brucellosis is the most common and widespread of all bacterial zoonotic infections affecting man, livestock and wild animals (OIE., 2012; Corbel., 2006 and FAO., 2003) with significant socio-economic impacts and human suffering in endemic areas (Young., 1995; Boschiroli et al., 2001; McDermott., 2013). In Kenya, the nationwide prevalence of brucellosis in animals is unknown (ZDU., 2015) but the Zoonotic Disease Unit (ZDU) is in the process of determining the national prevalence and incidence through the current and ongoing study at Kajiado county in Kenya. Previous work by ZDU on brucellosis has been published on June this year 2015 as, “Sero-prevalence of Brucellosis in Humans and their Animals: A Linked Cross-sectional Study in Two Selected Counties in Kenya”

read more
What are the alternatives for a Global One Health Governance Body?

What are the alternatives for a Global One Health Governance Body?

Since there is no blueprint for making ‘One Health‘ operational, I agree with the Atlanta Report by Normandeau (2011) that the alternative is to have a ‘One Health Global Guidance Group’-G3 that will provide neutrality, credibility and built on the existing international, regional and sub-national platforms for interaction and outreach such as EcoHealth, so as to find practicable approaches that factor in the needs of all “actors” in developed and developing worlds.

read more

Subscribe to receive updates

Follow me on Twitter

Dr. Kelvin Momanyi

Dr. Kelvin Momanyi

I am a Veterinarian & a part time web designer. My current research is focused on the evidence-based added value & evaluation of One Health.

Verified Services

View Full Profile →

Pin It on Pinterest

Shares
Share This